This tutorial will show you how to Set Static IP Raspberry pi with 2 methods step by step.
The first method is to use your network controller, such as a router. The Raspberry Pi itself is used in the second method.
The network method is generally preferred, but the second method, in which the Raspberry Pi determines its own IP address, is worthwhile if you intend to move your Raspberry Pi between networks while keeping the IP address constant.
If you complete the how-to Set Static IP Raspberry pi with 2 Method tutorial, you need flowing equipment.
Why I recommend raspberry pi set static IP address.
Every piece of electronic equipment that you own, such as computers, cell phones, televisions, and game consoles, is linked together through the common internet hub (via your phone line or the cable) is generally connected to your home internet hub.
This group of these devices (such as routers, firewalls, access points, switches, hubs, and servers) will be included in your Local Network (and this includes all connected via WiFi and hardwired connections) (LAN).
When you connect new hardware to your network by plugging in via an Ethernet cable or by default using WiFi, the network controller will allocate an IP address for the device.
This option can choose between a range of IP addresses with an Internet service provider of 192.168 – 192.1 to 192.199. In other words, the last part of the IP address on each network adapter remains the same, while the four quad-part IP address stays the same.
When DHCP allocates an IP address, it makes an educated guess about how long the IP address will be kept. That device has the IP address for as long as the lease with the lease period holds up, then it will have to wait for a new address.
In the case of the single-expansion model, this is the single-stage lease term; on my drive, it’s a week.
In my opinion, this means that the IP address of my Raspberry Pi has is assigned to it will be changed any time the Raspberry Pi is not connected to a keyboard, mouse, and/if it is used in a project that does not specify a different MAC address, will be hard to find an IP connection.
If I were to set a static IP address for my Raspberry Pi, this is why I would want to do it.
Method- 1 Raspberry Pi set static IP address.
The easiest way to avoid the address changes on your Raspberry Pi is to enter the DHCP lease time-expiring is to change to your hub.’
To access this interface, you will require a computer (the Raspberry Pi could do it, but it doesn’t have to be), and an address often specified on the hub is used, which is called the router or the administrative console address.
This is one of the public address schemes used for my router, known as HTTP: 192.168.168.1; also, a username and password must be entered.
This is not the same as the name or password for the WiFi network you’re currently connected to.
Most of these configuration settings also default to the central locations like the hub or have initial values like admin and password.
After you are connected, you must look in your admin console’s various settings pages for a reference to DHCP to locate them.
Other than the increased monthly cost, there is one major issue of this lease plan’s extension – that it affects all of your devices on your network.
This might happen because the IP addresses were once given to devices. Still, since those devices have already been moved on to new locations, if you have many devices, you are likely to run out of available IP addresses after your lease period has expired.
A better method of handling the issue is to use something called DHCP reservation. Using this instruction, the system instructs DHCP to allocate a specific IP address to a device for all life cycles.
The device’s IP address is shown in Figure 2, where I have given it to the expansion interface.
Method-2 Raspberry Pi set static IP Address
This method is preferable when using the Raspberry itself is connected to the network and to a LAN as the Raspberry chooses its own IP address using DHCP.
Raspberry Pi has requested the IP address that it would like to use.
Allowing your Raspberry Pi to choose its own IP address goes against the grain of how most networks work, with the LAN deciding the IP address.
The risk is that the LAN’s DHCP controller has already assigned that IP address to another computer.
If you have more than one Raspberry Pi, the two of you try to use the same IP address, similar problems occur.
When doing so, no IP addresses will be shared between them, so one of the Raspberry Pis will not connect to the network.
Use this method only if you have defined an IP address for a specific Raspberry Pi and you have provided a static IP address for that is not in the DHCP range.
For example, from Figure 2, you can see that the IP address range assigned to the DHCP is 192.168.1 to 192.2.168.X.
If we choose 192.168.1.200 as a static IP address, we know it will not be reallocated. Because each of the number parts of an IP address must be between 0 and 255, 192.168.1.300, for example, is not a valid IP address.
Each network connection on your Raspberry Pi will have a different IP address.
We will use a single IP address for both cable and WiFi connections.
In the Terminal, type the following command to edit this file:
sudo nano /etc/dhcpcd.conf
The first step is to decide on an IP address to use. You must select an unused machine on the network and beyond the IP addresses used by DHCP.
I’ll use 192.168.1.200 in this case. Then I’ll make the following alterations to the file:
interface eth0 static ip_address=192.168.1.200/24 static routers=192.168.1.1 static domain_name_servers=192.168.1.1 interface wlan0 static ip_address=192.168.1.200/24 static routers=192.168.1.1 static domain_name_servers=192.168.1.1
The same IP address has been set for both the primary and secondary network interfaces (Ethernet and WiFi).
If both IP addresses are connected, then the link would override this one.
In fact, this means the Ethernet will prevail because it connects even better than WiFi.
The IP address you use to connect to your hub’s admin console is the same IP address used for the routers and domain name servers settings.
The IP addressing range described earlier is used by a lot of hubs. The addresses next to the routers and domain names are the same as you will be found on your router’s console.
If your hub uses the less popular 10.0.0.1 addressing format, all instances of 192.168.1 in our previous example must be changed to 10.0.0.
After you’ve made your changes, save the file by pressing Ctrl-X and then Y.
This will need to be done by entering the command “sudo reboot” on the Raspberry Pi before the changes can be applied.
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